IEEE SmartGridComms ConferenceIEEE

Smart Grid Forum – Its Challenges and Opportunities

Tuesday, November 6, 2012 • 10:00 – 11:40
Room: Ballroom A

Chih-Kung Lee (C.K. Lee)
Distinguished Professor, National Taiwan University
Vice chairman, SEMI Taiwan MEMS Committee

The overhaul of electrical power grids has been a top priority for many governments and its national utility companies worldwide for the last 20 years. Innovation such as adopting IT technology has been actively sought to accelerate this process. The new grid, also known as a Smart Grid, promises to improve energy efficiency. In addition, the Smart Grid is less harmful to the environment, improves the quality of life, and can boost competitiveness. The Smart Grid integrates information and communication technologies and takes the behavior of suppliers and consumers in an automated fashion to improve the efficiency, reliability, and security in generating and distributing electricity. The need to integrate and distribute energy resources, which can provide a more reliable, energy efficient supply of electric power has further prompted the development of the Smart Grid. To successfully develop the Smart Grid, many challenges must be overcome, which in turn gives rise to many opportunities.

In this forum, we will focus on three perspectives of the smart grid, i.e., IT technology, energy technology and regulatory policies. Chin-Wen Liu will review a wide-area measurement system for power grid real-time monitoring. Ming-Whei Feng will introduce the way of incorporating IoT technologies to smart grid. Edwin Liu will address issues related to charging a plug-in electric vehicle into a smart grid. Chao-Shun Chen will present an advanced distribution automation system for smart grid. Faa-Jeng Lin, Jin-Shyr Yang and Gary W. Chang will discuss the development, migration and power quality of the Smart Grid, respectively.

Wide-Area Measurement System and Its Applications in Taiwan Transmission Grid
Chih-Wen Liu, Professor, National Taiwan University, Taiwan

Over the last two decades, synchronized phasor measurement units (PMUs) based wide-area measurement systems (WAMS) become one of innovative and important measuring technologies developed for power grid real-time monitoring around the world. WAMS is regarded as an enabling technology for smart transmission grid, which can enable the transmission grid more efficient, secure, and penetrative to renewable energy sources. In this presentation, we review the present status of WAMS in Taiwan, including PMUs deployment configuration, applications, and state-of-the-art research techniques.

Incorporate Internet of Things Technologies to Smart Grid to Enable Smart Energy System and Services
Ming-Whei Feng, Smart Network System Institute, Institute for Information Industry, Taiwan

Smart energy signifies a grid that incorporates Internet of things technologies (IOT) consisting of sensors / actuators, sensor network, information gateway and analytics engine, to allow rich sensing, control, management, and negotiation capabilities within the grid as well as between grid and customers.

A smart energy system needs to fully integrate with information & communication technologies (ICT) such as Internet of things to energy grid system to make it practically useful, scalable, and extensible through the energy distribution system, from businesses and homes and back to the sources of energy.  Since a smart energy system incorporates rich ICT capabilities, the utility subsystems and major components are interconnected with a two-way flow of information and energy across the network, including information on pricing. In addition, the smart energy system has more advanced intelligent functions, making use of proactive analytics and automation to transform data into insights and efficiently manage resources.

The above describe smart energy system will provide significant value propositions to the smart grid, including making the grid more manageable with enhanced effectiveness and efficiency, as well as providing new value added service opportunities.  In this presentation, we will describe the application trend and technology requirements associated with the smart energy system.  We will also illustrate some global application cases.  We will then present III’s energy ICT and Internet of things technologies, and successful energy application cases.

Plug-in Electric Vehicle and Smart Grid
Edwin Liu, Vice President, Quanta Technology, USA

“Transportation Electrification” has been identified as one of the key domains-of-focus for Smart Grid effort. Effective integration of electric transportation into smart grid will depend on the rate of PEV proliferation, consumer charging behavior, technology, standard development, and the readiness of power distribution systems. In the short-term, utilities will be concerned with deploying basic smart charging programs including simple demand side management techniques that offer their PEV customers with cost optimization “grid friendly” methods of charging their PEVs. Utilities, on the other hand, will have to strengthen their distribution systems to handle the coming demand increase due to the integration of PEVs. In the long-term, we should manage the transportation electrification through a holistic approach. Besides changing infrastructure and standardization deployment, we should also focus on the overall strategy that considers DERs and distribution system management through information and analytics integration. In this presentation, I will address immediate issues related to controlled and un-controlled PEV charging, and their impacts on power distribution systems. I will also discuss going-forward strategy on how analytical methods shall help in building smart distribution grids that allow effective integration of PEVs. 

Development of Advanced Distribution Automation System for Smart Grid
Chao-Shun Chen, I-Shou University, Taiwan

Advanced Distribution Automation System (ADAS) has become the first priority for power utility companies to achieve the goal of smart grid to enhance system reliability, to increase the penetration level of renewable power generation and to improve system operation efficiency. This presentation will review the DAS system implementation in Taiwan and the scopes of ADAS system to be developed to support more advanced applications of smart distribution grid.

Development of Smart Grid in Taiwan 2012
Faa-Jeng Lin, Chair Professor, National Central University, Taiwan

To achieve coordination with the four target areas of Taiwan Power’s smart grid research efforts (grid security and reliability, power efficiency, user service experience, and distributed power source integration), and in order to bring about effective integration and utilization of the results achieved in the annual research plans falling under the smart grid and metering sub-plan of the General Plan for National Energy Conservation and Carbon Reduction and in other relevant government technology development plans, for the application-related aspects, the Smart Grid and Advanced Metering Project has made reference to smart grid pilot projects currently being implemented in Japan, the US and Europe, as well as taking into account the capabilities and needs of industry, universities and research institutes in Taiwan, to formulate pilot projects for micro grid applications (AC and DC), Advanced Metering Infrastructure (AMI), smart home (building) power management, advanced distribution automation, transmission system power quality monitoring technology, Wide-Area Measurement System (WAMS) advanced applications, electric vehicle recharging management strategies.

Smart Grid Migration and Implementation in Taipower
Jin-Shyr Yang, Taiwan Power Research Institute, Taiwan Power Company, Taiwan

The purpose of the Energy Policy in Taiwan is to move toward greater energy independence and security, to increase the production of renewable energy, and to improve the energy efficiency of products. The Smart Grid deployment is part of the Energy policy.

Taipower completed a Smart Grid roadmap for the future 20 years in 2007. An implementation task force was established in April 2011 to pragmatically promote the company’s smart grid program. Based on the “National Smart Grid Master Plan” set up by the MOEA in 2011, Taipower continues to make progress on the goals of ensuring stable power supply, enhancing energy conservation and carbon reduction and upgrading the ratio of green energy use.

In order to cut down energy consumption and upgrade energy use efficiency, AMI has been listed as one of the demand-side management strategies. Taipower will complete the AMI meter installation for 23,600 high-voltage customers and 10,000 low-voltage customers in 2012 and 2013 respectively. The cost/benefit evaluation will be performed after installation.

In addition, for studying and testing the functions and performance of smart grid equipment, AMI and Advanced Distribution Automation System test site has been constructed at Taiwan Power Research Institute, Taipower.

Toward a Smarter Grid with High Quality of Power
Gary W. Chang, National Chung Cheng University, Taiwan

The emergence of smart grid is highly related to the need of integration of distributed energy resources, improvement of energy efficiency, and providing reliable supply of electric power. Providing power quality for the range of needs is regarded as one of the major characteristics of the smart grid. A well coordination between the transmission, distribution, distributed generation, and measurement techniques can ensure the efficient utilization and reliable supply of energy with high power quality to the users. The incorporation of modern advanced communication and information technologies with the traditional power network lays the solid foundation for the smart grid implementation. Under the digital economy era, the premium power quality and reliability of power supply are vital roles of sustainable operation of electric power business. By means of adopting advanced technologies for power quality monitoring and metering, waveform correction devices, and condition monitoring, the required quality of power for both customers and electric utilities can be maintained. This presentation gives an overview of some important issues for the enhancement of monitoring power quality when deploying the smart grid.










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